Edible vs Poisonous Plants for Goats 

Note: this is not a complete listing by any means.  It is simply a beginning guide compiled from information found around the web and personal experience with our goat herd.  We take no responsibility for it's accuracy.

 You may see that some plants are actually on both lists, some sources claim that certain plants are poisonous while other claim their goats eat them all the time without issue.

Also keep in mind that anything can be bad, so all plants, even if in the edible listing, should be given in moderation.

Edible 

  • Acorns (in moderation)
  • Agapanthas
  • Althea
  • Angel Wing Bigonea
  • Apple
  • Arborvita
  • Bamboo
  • Banana, entire plant, fruit & peel
  • Barkcloth fig (ficus natalensis)
  • Bay Tree Leaves green and dried
  • Bean (all parts)
  • Beets, leaves and root
  • Black Locus 
  • Blackberry bushes (all parts)
  • Bramble
  • Broccoli (all parts)
  • Buckbrush (aka coralberry or indian currant)
  • Cabbage
  • Camellias
  • Cantaloupe: fruit, seeds and peel
  • Carrots
  • Catnip
  • Cedar Needles (leaves) & Bark
  • Celery
  • Citrus
  • Clover
  • Collard Greens
  • Comfrey 
  • Corn husks & silk
  • Cottonwood
  • Coyote Bush (Baccharis)
  • Dandelion
  • Dogwood
  • Douglas Fir
  • Elm
  • English Ivy
  • Fava Bean pods
  • Fern
  • Fescue grass
  • Ficus
  • Garlic
  • Ginger Root
  • Grape Vine
  • Grape, entire plants
  • Grapefruit, fruit & peel
  • Greenbrier
  • Hay Plant
  • Heavenly Bamboo
  • Hemlock Trees (which are not the same as the poisonous hemlock, an herbaceous species of plant which is in the carrot family that bears the scientific name “Conium maculatum")
  • Hibiscus
  • Honeysuckle, entire plant  (goats love honeysuckle)
  • Hyssop
  • Ivy
  • Jackfruit leaves
  • Jade
  • Jambolan leaves
  • Japanese Elm
  • Japanese Knotweed aka: polygonum cuspidatum aka: fallopia japonica.
  • Japanese Magnolias (blooms/leaves)
  • Johoba
  • Kudzu
  • Lemon Grass
  • Lilac bark /branches
  • Lupine - appears on both lists: Seeds are the part of the plant that are the greatest problem.
  • Magnolia Leaves green and dried
  • Mango leaves
  • Manzanita (Arctostaphylos)
  • Maple Trees, leaves & bark
  • Marijuana-in moderation
  • Mesquite
  • Mint
  • Mock Orange
  • Monkeyflower (Mimulus)
  • Morning Glory
  • Moss
  • Mountain Ash
  • Mulberry (entire plant)
  • Mullein
  • Mustard
  • Nettles
  • Nightshade - appears on both lists
  • NOT Red Maples (Red Maples can be toxic)
  • Oak Tree Leaves
  • Okara- pulp left over after making Soymilk
  • Onion
  • Orange, fruit & peel
  • Paloverde - needles & seed pods
  • Patterson's Curse
  • Pea Pods
  • Peanuts, including the shells
  • Pear
  • Pencil cactus
  • Pepper plants
  • Peppers
  • Photinia
  • Pine Trees
  • Plum, all
  • Poison Ivy
  • Poison Oak
  • Poison Sumac, the vine
  • Pomegranates
  • Poplar Trees
  • Potatoes
  • PrivetPumpkin
  • Pumpkin
  • Raisins
  • Raspberry, entire plant
  • Red-tips
  • Rhubarb Leaves
  • Rose, all, entire plant
  • Salvation Jane
  • Sassafras
  • Silver Berry
  • Southern Bayberry (myrica cerifera)
  • Spruce trees
  • St. John's Wort
  • Strawberry
  • Sumac, the tree
  • Sunflowers
  • Sweet Gum Trees
  • Sweet potato leaves
  • Tomato plants- in moderation
  • Tree of Heaven
  • Turnips
  • Vetch
  • Virginia Creeper
  • Wandering Jew
  • Watermelon
  • Wax Myrtle (myrica cerifera)
  • Weeping Willow
  • Wild Rose, entire plant 
  • Wild Tobacco
  • Yarrow
  • Yaupon Holly (Ilex vomitoria)
  • Yellow Locus
  • Yucca 

Poisonous 

  •  African Rue
  • Andromeda (related to foxglove)
  • Avocado- Fuarte (definitely)
  • Avocado- South American Avocado leaves/tree such as Haas or crosses with Haas
  • Azalea
  • Boxwood
  • Brouwer's Beauty Andromeda
  • Burning Bush berries
  • Calotropis
  • Cassava (manioc)
  • China Berry Trees, all parts
  • Choke Cherry Leaves in abundance or wilting
  • Datura
  • Dog Hobble
  • Dumb Cane (diffenbachia) (Houseplant)
  • Euonymus Bush berries
  • False Tansy  Foxglove
  • "Fiddleneck"- know by this common name in CA. It is a fuzzy looking, 12" to 15" plant, with small yellow blossoms, shaped on a stem shaped like the neck of a fiddle.
  • Flixweed
  • Fusha
  • Holly Trees/Bushes
  • Ilysanthes floribunda
  • Japanese pieris (extremely toxic)
  • Japanese Yew
  • Lantana - appears on both lists
  • Larkspur- a ferny, flowering plant in shades of blue, pink and white.
  • Lasiandra
  • Lilacs
  • Lily of the Valley (Pieris Japonca)
  • Lupine - appears on both lists: Seeds are the part of the plant that are the greatest problem.
  • Madreselva (Spain) patologia renal
  • Maya-Maya
  • Milkweed
  • Monkhood
  • Mountain Laurel
  • Nightshade- appears on both lists
  • Oleander
  • Pieris Japonica (extreamly toxic)
  • Red Maples
  • Rhododendron
  • Rhubarb leaves
  • Tu Tu (the Maori name for Coriaria arborea)
  • Wild Cherry, -wilted- leaves (fresh and fully dried are not poisonous)
  • Yew

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